Bowel control problems may be reduced through frequent physical therapy. In some cases, bowel incontinence or leaks are caused by the improper alignment of the pelvic or spine bones and joints. This leads to muscle spasms, weakness, and ultimately bowel or urinary incontinence.
Anismus, or dyssynergic defecation, is when the pelvic floor muscles fail to relax or maintain coordination during the passage of stool. Physical therapy, along with dietary modification, can help the pelvic muscles relax, aiding in the proper passage of stool through the lower intestine and out the rectum.
Biofeedback is a safe, noninvasive, and effective treatment method. During biofeedback, you will learn how to retrain your bowel muscles. Through the use of small sensors attached on the outside of the body, you will learn when to contract the anal sphincter muscles.
Bowel training is another form of physical therapy that involves creating a bathroom schedule with your physician. This form of behavioral therapy will help you establish and maintain control of your bowel habits.